Minors

A minor is an academic program that supplements a baccalaureate degree. Minors require a minimum of 18 credits and typically no more than 21 credits with at least 6 but ordinarily not more than half of the credits at the 400 level. A minor program may consist of course work in a single area or from several disciplines. A student may complete more than one minor if he/she is interested in developing an emphasis in additional disciplines. A certificate program may provide a means of testing interest in a minor and serve as a stepping-stone toward completing it.

It is possible to complete a minor within the total credits required for the major because credits may also satisfy General Education, major, and minor requirements. For example, ENGL 050 (GA) could satisfy a 3-credit requirement in the English minor and also satisfy 3 credits of a student's General Education arts requirement. Students are permitted to complete multiple minors, and courses that meet requirements in one minor can also satisfy a requirement in another minor. For example, a student completing the Economics (ECON) and Business (BSBCC) minors could satisfy a requirement in both minors by completing ECON 102.

In most cases, students do not have to be enrolled in the college that offers a particular minor in order to pursue that minor. Requirements for a minor can be completed at any campus location that offers courses specified for the minor. However, a student may not change from a campus that offers his/her major to a campus that does not offer the major in order to complete a minor.

Minimum Grade Requirements

A grade of C or better is required for all courses in a minor. The student's academic progress in meeting retention and graduation requirements in the minor is monitored by the person in charge of the minor.

Impact on a Student Record

Degree Audit

When a student is admitted to a minor, the minor and minor program year will be listed on his/her degree audit. Up to four minors can be listed. (See section 2 of this sample degree audit.)

Transcript and Certificate

When a student graduates, the Registrar records completed minors on his/her transcript. The student receives an official certificate certifying completion of each minor. (The certificates are given with the diploma.) Neither a transcript nor certificate indicates the campus that offered the minor.

Student Action

Planning a Minor

  1. Read Information on Minors to learn about minors of interest.
  2. Some courses in a minor may have prerequisites that are not included in the minor description, and entrance to some minors may require that you first complete certain courses. Check for special considerations like these in the list of minors below.
  3. Obtain a degree audit through eLion for any minors of interest to assess your academic progress and identify unfulfilled requirements. (To request an audit for a minor, you need to know which college offers the minor. A listing of minors by college is provided by the Registrar's office.)
  4. Evaluate your interest in minors by reading descriptions of courses that fulfill requirements. Be sure to note course prerequisites.
  5. Contact the person in charge of the minor (identified in the resources listed below) for additional information and to discuss entry. Be sure to get information on course recommendations, availability, and sequencing. Declaring a minor does not guarantee the availability of required courses or your ability to complete the minor. Discuss course availability with the person in charge of the minor.
  6. Meet with your academic adviser to discuss incorporating the minor into your major and to develop a semester-by-semester plan to meet requirements (and prerequisites).

Declaring/Applying for a Minor

There are two procedures for entering a minor:

  1. Minors that do not have entrance requirements can be declared on eLion.
  2. Minors that have special entrance criteria require an application.

Declaring a Minor: Use the eLion Minor Declaration application if a minor does not have entrance requirements (see special considerations in the list of minors below).

Applying for a Minor: If a minor has entrance requirements (check the special considerations column in the list of minors below), you must contact the department offering the minor to apply.

Deadline: A minor can be declared any time after you have been accepted in a major and attained fifth semester classification (60 credits). Typically, to graduate with a minor, you must be accepted in the minor before the late drop deadline of your last semester (in the Special Considerations column below, click on the red check mark to see any earlier deadline).

After Graduation: It is possible to be awarded a minor up to five years after your graduation. The following criteria apply: (1) the minor must have been offered at the time you graduated, (2) you satisfied all the requirements for the minor before you graduated, and (3) you have paid any fee assessed for the minor. Note: any minor requiring an audition or portfolio for admission cannot be awarded retroactively. To request a minor retroactively, contact the person responsible for the minor indicated in the resources below.

Withdrawing from and Reapplying for a Minor

A student who has applied for a minor but does not complete it is not required to take any action to withdraw from the minor. If a minor is not completed, it is not recorded.

Students admitted to a minor who interrupt their continuous enrollment must reapply for the minor when re-enrolling in the University if the minor is still desired. Requirements for the minor are those in effect at the time the student most recently entered the minor program.

Information on Minors

Identify Minors

Information on all minors at all Penn State campuses is available in the Undergraduate Degree Programs Bulletin. Use the Minor Themes application in eLion to explore. For more information, contact the appropriate academic advising center.

The chart below provides an alphabetical listing of minors offered at University Park. These minors can also be explored by looking at them clustered by interest areas.

Minors Currently Offered University Park

Minors currently offered at University Park
Minors (with link to website, if available) Link to
Bulletin
Link to
Special Considerations
African American Studies (AFAMR) Bulletin  
African Studies (AFRST) Bulletin  
Agribusiness Management (AG BM) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Agricultural Communications (AGCOM) Bulletin  
Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology (AE RS) Bulletin  
Agricultural Systems Management (A S M) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Agronomy (AGRO) Bulletin  
Animal Sciences (ANSCI) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Anthropology (ANTH) Bulletin  
Arabic Language (ARAB) Bulletin  
Arboriculture (ARBOR) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Architectural History (ARC H) Bulletin  
Architecture Studies (ARCST) Bulletin  
Art History (ART H) Bulletin  
Asian Studies (ASIA) Bulletin  
Astrobiology (ABIOL) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASTRO) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (B M B) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Bioengineering (BIOE) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Bioethics and Medical Humanities (BMH) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Biological Engineering (B E) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Biology (BIOL) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Black Diaspora Studies (Cross-Cultural) (BLDSP) Bulletin  
Business and the Liberal Arts (BUSLA) Bulletin  
Business Logistics (B LOG)   This item has special considerations.
Chemistry (CHEM) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Chinese Language (CHNS) Bulletin  
Civic and Community Engagement (CIVCM) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies (CAMS) Bulletin  
Climatology (CLIMA) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Communication Arts and Sciences (CAS) Bulletin  
Dance (DANCE) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Deafness and Hearing Studies (DHS) Bulletin  
Disability Studies (DBLTY) Bulletin  
Dispute Management and Resolution (D M R) Bulletin  
Earth Systems (EASYS) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Economics (ECON) Bulletin  
Education Policy Studies (E P S) Bulletin  
Electrochemical Engineering (ELCHE) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Electronic and Photonic Materials (E P M) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Energy, Business, and Finance (EBF) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Energy Engineering (ENENG) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Energy, Environmental, and Mineral Economics (ENNEC)   This item has special considerations.
Engineering Entrepreneurship (E-SHIP) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Engineering Leadership Development (E L D) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Engineering Mechanics (E MCH) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
English (ENGL) Bulletin  
Entomology (ENT) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Entrepreneurship and Innovation (ENTI) Bulletin  
Environmental Engineering (ENV E) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Environmental Inquiry (ENV I) Bulletin  
Environmental and Renewable Resource Economics (E RRE) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Environmental Resource Management (E R M) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Environmental Soil Science (ESOIL) Bulletin  
Environmental Systems Engineering (ENVSE) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Equine Science (EQ SC) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Ethics (ETHCS) Bulletin  
Film Studies (FLMST) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Forest Science (FORSC) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
French and Francophone Studies (FR) Bulletin  
Geographic Information Science (G I S) Bulletin  
Geography (GEOG) Bulletin  
Geophysics (GPHYS) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Geosciences (GEOSC) Bulletin  
German (GER) Bulletin  
Gerontology (GERON) Bulletin  
Global Health (GLBHL) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Global Security (GLBSC) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Greek (GREEK) Bulletin  
Health Policy and Administration (H P A) Bulletin  
Hebrew (HEBR) Bulletin  
History (HIST) Bulletin  
Horticulture (HORT) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Human Development and Family Studies (HD FS) Bulletin  
Information Sciences and Technology (IST) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Information Sciences and Technology for Aerospace Engineering (ISASP) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Information Sciences and Technology for Communication Arts and Sciences (ISCAS) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Information Sciences and Technology for Earth and Mineral Sciences (ISEMS) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Information Sciences and Technology in Health Policy and Administration (ISHPA) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Information Sciences and Technology for Hotel, Restaurant and Institutional Management (ISHRM)   This item has special considerations.
Information Sciences and Technology for Industrial Engineering (ISTIE) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Information Sciences and Technology for Labor Studies and Employment Relations (ISLER) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Information Sciences and Technology for Mathematics (ISMTH) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Information Sciences and Technology for Telecommunications (ISTLC) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Information Systems and Statistical Analysis (ISSA) Bulletin  
Information Systems Management (ISM) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
International Agriculture (INTAG) Bulletin  
International Arts (IARTS) Bulletin  
International Business (I B) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
International Studies (INSTD) Bulletin  
Italian (IT) Bulletin  
Japanese Language (JAPNS) Bulletin  
Jewish Studies (J ST) Bulletin  
Kinesiology (KINES) Bulletin  
Labor Studies and Employment Relations (LER) Bulletin  
Latin (LATIN) Bulletin  
Latin American Studies (LATAM) Bulletin  
Latina and Latino Studies (LTNST) Bulletin  
Leadership Development (L DEV) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Legal Environment of Business (LEBUS) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Linguistics (LING) Bulletin  
Marine Sciences (MARSC) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Mathematics (MATH) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Media Studies (MEDIA) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Meteorology (METEO) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Microbiology (MICRB) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Middle East Studies (MESTU) Bulletin  
Military Studies (MLTRY) Bulletin  
Mining Engineering (MNG E) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Mushroom Science and Technology (M S T) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Music Performance (MUSIC) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Music Studies (MUSST) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Music Technology (MUTEC) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Nanotechnology (NANO) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Natural Science (NATSC) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Neuroscience (NEURO) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Nutritional Sciences (NUTR) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Off-Road Equipment (OFFRD) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Peace and Conflict Studies (PEACE)   This item has special considerations.
Pennsylvania Studies (PASTU)   This item has special considerations.
Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering (PNG E) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Philosophy (PHIL) Bulletin  
Physics (PHYS) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Plant Pathology (PPATH) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Political Science (PL SC) Bulletin  
Polymer Science (PLMSC) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Poultry and Avian Science (P A S) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Product Realization (PRODR) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Psychology (PSY) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Recreation, Park, and Tourism Management (RPTM) Bulletin  
Rehabilitation and Human Services (RHS) Bulletin  
Religious Studies (RL ST) Bulletin  
Rhetoric (RHET) Bulletin  
Russian (RUS) Bulletin  
Russian Area Studies (RUSSA) Bulletin  
Russian Translation (RUS T)   This item has special considerations.
Science, Society and the Environment of Africa (SSEA) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Science, Technology and Society (S T S)   This item has special considerations.
Security and Risk Analysis (SRA) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Sexuality and Gender Studies (SGS) Bulletin  
Six Sigma (SIGMA) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Sociology (SOC) Bulletin  
Spanish (SPAN) Bulletin  
Special Education (SPLED) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Statistics (STAT) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Supply Chain and Information Sciences and Technology (SCIST) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Sustainability Leadership (SUST) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Teaching and Learning Online (TLO) Bulletin  

Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)

Bulletin  
Technical Writing (TEHWR) Bulletin  
Theatre (THEA) Bulletin  
Watersheds and Water Resources (W W R) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Wildlife and Fisheries Science (W F S) Bulletin This item has special considerations.
Women's Studies (WMNST) Bulletin  
World Literature (W LIT) Bulletin  
Youth and Family Education (YFE) Bulletin  

Last Update: February 2014

Reference(s): Senate Policies 59-00, 82-20

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